Author Topic: Alternate trans oceanic landing sites  (Read 2851 times)


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Alternate trans oceanic landing sites
« on: December 25, 2014, 04:31:27 PM »
[font='Helvetica Neue', Helvetica, 'Nimbus Sans L', Arial, 'Liberation Sans', sans-serif]In the event of an abort during launch, NASA had several international locations designated as Transoceanic Abort Landing (TAL) sites. The sites included Lajes Air Base in Terceira island, Azores, Portugal, Zaragoza Air Base in Spain, Morón Air Basein Spain, and Istres Air Base in France.[9] All sites have runways of sufficient length to support the landing of a space shuttle, and included personnel from NASA as well as equipment to aid a space shuttle landing.[10] Zaragoza Air Base features Runway 30L with a length of 12,109 ft.;[11] Morón Air Base features an 11,800 ft (3,600 m). runway;[12] and Istres Air Base features Runway 33 with a length of 12,303 ft.[13] Former TAL sites include Diego Garcia in the British Indian Ocean Territory; Cologne Bonn Airport in Germany; Ben Guerir Air Base, Morocco (1988–2002);[14] Casablanca, Morocco (up to 1986);[14]Banjul International Airport, The Gambia (1987–2002);[15] Dakar, Senegal; Rota, Spain; and Kano, Nigeria.[16] Had a TAL situation arisen during a launch from Vandenberg Air Force Base, Hao and Easter Islands in the Pacific Ocean would have been the TAL sites.[17][18]
RAF Fairford was the only Transoceanic Abort Landing site for NASA's Space Shuttle in the UK. As well as having a sufficiently long runway for a shuttle landing (the runway is 3 km long), Fairford also had NASA-trained fire and medical crews stationed on the base.[19][/font]
« Last Edit: January 07, 2015, 08:42:45 AM by thierryspeth »